Potential Ecocide – Hydraulic fracturing

Potential Ecocide - Hydraulic fracturing

It is the task of the court to clarify if a certain case of environmental destruction is ecocide.

According to the draft directive, first it must be certified that an ecosystem was damaged (an ecosystem is a community of living organisms and their environment which build a system exchanging matter and energy). Then, a test must be applied examining the size, duration and impact of the extensive damage, destruction, or loss of ecosystem(s).

It is important that only one of the conditions must be fulfilled, so the damage must be either of considerable size, duration OR impact.

Hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as fracking, is a technique used to extract hydrocarbons such as natural gas and petroleum from the ground. In order to release these resources, a fluid is injected into the ground at high pressure, so that the rock cracks and the natural gas stored inside is released.

Fracking has potentially severe side effects, including the contamination of ground water, air pollution, the migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, and surface contamination from spills and flowback, all of which impact not only on our natural environment but also constitute a potential threat to human health.

Several EU countries such as Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, Poland have started investigating the options given the recent economic “success” story of shale gas in the US. The Netherlands and the UK are already practicing it. France has banned fracking. image/article from : endecocide.eu read more >>

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